Prussia, Bavaria, and Austria refused to recognize the Grundrechte. Clerics and Guilds alike fought the acceptance as they stood to lose their vast influence.
The Grundrechte was but one of the many steps taken by Europeans to shed the shackles of governments dominated by aristocracies, clerics, corporations, and guilds. The German Constitution of 1849 expanded the franchise and established the secret ballot. The Constitution established King Frederick William IV as the Emperor of the Germans. The King of Prussia refused to accept what he called the "pig crown", "dog collar", and "sausage sandwich." He promised to militarily assist and government which was against the new Constitution. The forces of counter-revolution were about to make their play.