The local internet provider threw my mother a challenge in her attempts to adjust to isolation. The network was down for most of the day, further isolating my mother from communication and entertainments. It is interesting that my wife sent me by a law firm as to how to get my affairs in order. The things that come out of the woodwork. Of course it is good to have all of one's affairs correct.
I am completing a home-made protective mask for my mother, should we need to take her into coughing distance of the public. Keep doing things to improve your situation and your world.
In researching the history of epidemics I the long history of the anti-vaccination movement has come to light. I know it is a controversy today and I have no wish to debate whether one vaccine causes autism or not. My goal here is to throw some light on the historical debate about the efficacy of small pox vaccination. England made vaccination compulsory in the 1850s. Armies and navies in the 18th century often were vaccinated.
Our own revolutionary armies were handicapped by the large numbers of patriots who refused vaccination on religious grounds. George Washington was forced to scour the armies for men who had survived small pox to have troops to send to fight the British in areas with smallpox outbreaks. The British used vaccination of its troops regularly. It is interesting that Continental soldiers once there was an outbreak of smallpox often chose attempting to vaccinate themselves. In the 18th century vaccination against smallpox didn't require obtaining a controlled laboratory vaccine. Anyone wishing to vaccinate found a small pox survivor with a scab. The scab was probed with a needle to put killed smallpox on it and then the patient was tattooed with this dirty needle. As you might guess, this was not a very effective delivery system. Through time physicians developed a real vaccine using cowpox and eventually vaccination on a global scale wiped out a virulent disease that killed millions.
Below I have reproduced and article from an article published in a Maryland newspaper the Cecil Whig in March of 1883. This article promotes the perceived benefits of the inoculations, including lowered mortality rates and decreased rates of overall infections. This is largely an anecdotal presentation of the position with a few historical facts thrown in. It is of interest that the poor delivery system for vaccination resulted in multiple vaccinations being performed, especially upon those in the military. The sad story of a complete eradication of a troupe of Eskimos stricken on a tour of Europe despite several of the members being inoculated after the first deaths, is passed off as evidence of faulty inoculation technique. Take some time and read the paper. It is interesting. (By the way if you are wondering if the obituary preceding the article is the Alexander H. Stephens who was the Vice-President of the Confederacy and later Governor of Georgia, they are one and the same. Why these minor achievements in life were omitted is a puzzle as the obituary spills significant ink in describing Stephen's physical issues and painting as a character akin to Dr. Loveless in the Wild, Wild West television series.